Bladder Cancer Urine Tests Promise Better Treatment Outcomes

August 20, 2020 12:35:40

Some two novel urine tests have been developed that will improve the patients’ outcome for bladder cancer. These tests are significant upgrades of the existing urine tests for bladder cancer. The current urine tests have been inaccurate, invasive, and expensive.

Causes of bladder cancer

Bladder cancer has been causing high death rates as compared to other types of cancer. The many deaths are due to the difficulties and complications in detecting the cancer. Some tests from specific biomarkers have been used and have been giving high rates of false information. The usual methods that have been used over time have been cystoscopy. It involves inserting a camera into the urethra of a patient, which is unpleasant to a lot patients.

The latest urine tests can measure a gene variant called V1 that is elevated in the bladder of the patient who has bladder cancer. Furthermore, the gene extracts sections of the bladder wall, giving a chance for cancer tumors to grow there. It was discovered by Dr. Vinata Lokeshwar, one of the leading scientists at the Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry from Medical College of Georgia.

Detecting bladder cancer using the urine test

One of these tests works by measuring the levels of the enzymes that are created by V1. The second method works by measuring the amount of V1 in a patient’s system, depending on the mRNA excreted from urine. Both ways have an accuracy of about 90% in detecting bladder cancer.

These tests have proven to be more trustworthy when it involves high-grade tumors, boasting a 95% success rate in detecting bladder cancer. The piloting studies also gave a clear indication that the V1 test could have the capability of detecting the high-grade tumors. It could detect the tumors six months earlier than the invasive cystoscopy could do. These early detections could lead to increased survival among patients who have bladder cancer.

Using this simplified and accurate urine test for bladder cancer can also offer a patient ample recovery time and it helps in detecting any early forms of recurrence. However, these recurrences are always low in patients with low-grade bladder cancer. For patients with high-grade bladder cancer, their recurrence is always at 80% within three years, making it possible to detect it at the early stages. This is good news to patients who have bladder cancer as these two methods will be of great help to them in reducing mortality rates. Biomedical industry watchers say companies like DarioHealth Corp. (NASDAQ: DRIO) are also working to keep bringing better treatment options, so different patients can have hope that everything is being done to treat their ailments.

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