Ever heard of chronic rhinitis? No? Well, it’s a condition that results in the inflammation of the inner lining of your nose. It can last for more than a month, and statistics show that 77 million individuals in America have the disease. Chronic rhinitis is not acute rhinitis, which only lasts several days.
There are two types of chronic rhinitis: the non-allergic and allergic types. An estimated 19 million individuals in America suffer from the less common non-allergic type while the remaining 58 million have the allergic type, making the latter very common. We discuss both types below.
Non-allergic chronic rhinitis
This type occurs mostly due to various triggers that exist in the environment. Its symptoms present differently in different people and are present year round. Some of these triggers are found in medications, other come from diseases and the environment. These triggers may be mechanical.
There are some medication classifications that are known to cause non-allergic chronic rhinitis. These include birth control pills, NSAIDs such as aspirin, antidepressants, illegal drugs such as cocaine and decongestant drugs that are used for more than three days.
Irritants in the environment
These include latex, detergents, metal salts, exhaust fumes from cars, perfume and tobacco smoke.
Chronic sinusitis, gastroesophageal reflux disease and asthma can lead to non-allergic rhinitis.
Apart from the above triggers, extremely hot and spicy foods as well as hormonal changes can also cause non-allergic rhinitis.
Allergic chronic rhinitis
This usually occurs when an individual is exposed to an allergen; it is also often referred to as hay fever. Its causes may include mold, pollen, animal dander, dust and cold.
Both types of chronic rhinitis share the following symptoms:
- Frequent sneezing
- Post-nasal drip
- Congestion of the nose
- A running nose
Chronic rhinitis can be treated in several ways. It should be noted that treatment is the most effective when combined with a lifestyle change. Possible treatments include:
If a deviated septum is the cause of your chronic rhinitis, your doctor may recommend surgery. Despite being effective, it is used as a last resort after all other treatment options have been unsuccessful.
Changing your lifestyle
This is mainly done by avoiding anything that may trigger your rhinitis. You can incorporate an air purifier into your home, bathe your pets more often and dust your house frequently.
Possible medications include antihistamines, which essentially stop the development of rhinitis symptoms such as sneezing and a runny nose. Doctors may also prescribe nasal decongestants, which usually come in form of nasal drops to help alleviate nasal congestion.
Many biomedical firms are hard at work finding solutions to some of the most difficult conditions that people grapple with. For instance, Processa Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: PCSA) specializes in developing drugs for orphan diseases as well as other unmet medical needs.
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