Marijuana edibles give the consumers a good buzz minus the risks associated with smoking or vaping the products, regardless of whether you bought them at a dispensary or made them in your kitchen. Most of these products have an expiry date printed on the packaging or an attached sticker. This means that it is unhealthy and unsafe to consume these products past their expiry date. It is, however, uncertain if the expired products can still get you high.
A number of top-rated manufacturers of marijuana-infused foods have provided some information on the shelf life of homemade and packed edibles so that consumers can get some needed answers about the potency and safety of expired cannabis edibles.
A certified chef de cuisine and master chocolatier, Scott Van Rixel, says that the most critical factor of infused marijuana products apart from the expiration date is the edibles’ shelf life. Rixel is also the founder of Bhang Corporation, which manufactures marijuana edibles.
Rixel further said that the shelf life of an edible is attributed to the fact that it is a food product rather than the fact that it is infused with marijuana. All consumable food products, including those that aren’t infused with marijuana, are made of perishable ingredients that go bad with time and depending on the environmental conditions. Therefore, you may find marijuana-infused products getting stale or going rancid, just like any other non-infused food products.
The CEO of Wana Brands, Nancy Whiteman, said that product packaging and the method used in adding THC to the products could also impact the edibles’ shelf life.
Marijuana experts say that the THC in the infused product would not be destroyed; however, the methods used to mix THC, and the food products, determine its potency.
Research carried out by Wana Brands found that their company’s edible products do not lose their potency over time, said Whiteman. She further explained that they conducted research on their edibles at intervals of six months, nine months, and one year and found that the change in potency is not significant.
However, the process of manufacturing edibles can lead to loss of potency in some products over time, said Ron Silver. Silver is the founder and Chief creative officer at Azuca, a marijuana edibles company. Silver further explained that the thick nature of marijuana oil contributes to the shelf instability of marijuana edibles.
Marijuana oil that is not emulsified correctly separates from the food products, and it is left behind on the surface of the packaging, meaning that you do not ingest all the THC in your edible. Azuca has developed a process that makes cannabinoid molecules water soluble, making it easy for them to be absorbed. This helps to stabilize the edibles.
Although the expired products are still potent, the choice on whether to go ahead and consume that potent and expired edible depends on the food that was infused and the extent of possible harm the expired food ingredients can inflict. Furthermore, the experience of consuming an expired marijuana edible will not be as pleasurable as with a non-expired edible.
Silver further said that more research is needed to determine and understand the stability of marijuana cannabinoids with certain foods, and their interaction with the body’s metabolism. It would also be essential to find out how sick expired marijuana edibles can make a person.
Proper storage of marijuana edibles prolongs their freshness, and perishable foods such as eggs and dairy should be refrigerated. The temperature in the packaging of gummies should be controlled and they should be kept away from light.
Each marijuana product, especially edibles, is different and that is probably the reason why marijuana sector players like Neutra Corp. (OTC: NTRR) and HTC Extraction Systems (TSX.V: HTC) (OTCQB: HTPRF) emphasize that customers adhere to the usage and storage instructions provided by the manufacturer.
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